Getting Started with Junos Routing Instances and Virtual Routers

In this blog post, we will delve into the world of Junos Routing Instances and Virtual Routers, two key topics for the JNCIS-ENT certification. Understanding these concepts is crucial for network engineers who are looking to master Juniper Networks' Junos OS.

What are Junos Routing Instances?

In Junos, a routing instance is essentially a unique set of routing tables. By default, every Junos device has a single routing instance, known as the master routing instance. However, you can create additional routing instances as needed. These instances are completely separate from each other, meaning that routes in one instance are not visible to another unless explicitly shared.

Routing instances are used for a variety of purposes, including:

What are Virtual Routers?

A virtual router is a type of routing instance in Junos. It's essentially a way to create a separate router within a single physical device. Each virtual router has its own set of interfaces, routing tables, and routing protocols. This allows you to segment your network, providing increased security and flexibility.

Configuring a Virtual Router

Let's look at how to configure a virtual router in Junos. The following example creates a virtual router named vr1 and assigns the interface ge-0/0/1.0 to it:

user@router# set routing-instances vr1 instance-type virtual-router
user@router# set routing-instances vr1 interface ge-0/0/1.0

After committing these changes, you can verify the configuration with the show routing-instances command:

user@router> show routing-instances

This will display a list of all routing instances, including vr1.

Configuring Routing Protocols in a Virtual Router

You can also configure routing protocols within a virtual router. For example, to enable OSPF within vr1, you would use the following commands:

user@router# set routing-instances vr1 protocols ospf area interface ge-0/0/1.0

Again, you can verify the configuration with the show command:

user@router> show routing-instances vr1 protocols ospf


Understanding Junos Routing Instances and Virtual Routers is a key part of the JNCIS-ENT certification. These concepts allow you to create complex, flexible networks within a single Junos device. By mastering these topics, you'll be well on your way to becoming a Junos expert.

Remember, practice is key when it comes to mastering these concepts. So, don't just read about them - get hands-on experience configuring and troubleshooting routing instances and virtual routers in a lab environment. Good luck with your studies!

© Ben Jacobson.RSS